Curriculum vitae


Research Interests

International Trade and Investment

China’s Trade and Sustainable Development


Current Projects

“Economic Integration and Spatial Wage Differences: Is Differential Market Access Driving Inequality in China?” August 2017 (with Yang Liang and Hongsheng Zhang).

“Trade Liberalization and Labor Shares in China,” June 2015 (with Fariha Kamal and Devashish Mitra).



International Economic Integration and Domestic Performance, World Scientific Studies in International Economies, World Scientific Publishing, 2017.


Journal Articles and Book Chapters

“Intellectual Returnees as Drivers of Indigenous Innovation: Evidence from the Chinese Photovoltaic Industry,” (with Siping Luo and David C. Popp). The World Ecomony, forthcoming. Earlier version available as NBER Working Paper #19518.

“State Enterprise Reform in China: Grasp or Release?” (with Yang Liang) in Huizhong Zhou (ed.), The Impact of China’s Rise on the Pacific and Beyond, W.E. Upjohn Instituite for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI, forthcoming.

“Import Competition from and Offshoring to Low-Income Countries: Implications for Employment and Wages at US Domestic Manufacturers,” (with Fariha Kamal), Journal of Asian Economics, 48: 100-119, 2017.

“The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Perspectives from China,” (with Dimitar Gueorguiev), in Jagdish N. Bhagwati, Pravin Krishna, and Arvind Panagariya (eds.), The World Trade System, The MIT Press, 2016.

“A View Through the Trade Window: North Korean Exports as an Indicator of Economic Capabilities,” (with Ran Jing), The World Economy, 38(1):1-20, 2015.

“The Home-Market Effect and Bilateral Trade Patterns: A Reexamination of the Evidence,” (with Cong Pham Si and Devashish Mitra), International Review of Economics and Finance, 30:120 – 137, 2014.

“Labor Allocation in China: Private Ownership Forms and Implicit Subsidies,” (with Fariha Kamal), CESifo Economic Studies, 59(4): 731-758, 2013.

“Does Final Market Demand Elasticity Influence the Location of Export Processing? Evidence from Multinational Decisions in China,” (with Xuepeng Liu and Jan Ondrich), The World Economy 36(5): 509-536, 2013.

“Trade and the Gains from Trade in the Presence of Decreasing Costs and Imperfect Competition,” (with Devashish Mitra), in Arvid Lukauskas, Robert M. Stern, and Gianni Zanini (eds.), Handbook of Trade Policy for Development, New York: Oxford University Press, 114-144, 2013.

“Does Deeper Integration Enhance Spatial Advantages? Market Access and Wage Growth in China,” (with Fariha Kamal and Puman Ouyang), International Review of Economics and Finance, 23: 59-74, 2012.

“Trade, Technology and the Environment: Does Access to Technology Promote Environmental Regulation?” (with David Popp), Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 61: pp. 16-35, 2011 (Also available as NBER Working Paper No., 14286).

“Trade Growth, Production Fragmentation, and China’s Environment,” (with Judith M. Dean), in Robert C. Feenstra and Shang-Jin Wei, eds., China’s Growing Role in World Trade, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 429-469, 2010.

“The Location Decisions of Foreign Investors in China: Untangling the Effects of Wages Using a Control Function Approach” (with Xuepeng Liu and Jan Ondrich), The Review of Economics and Statistics, 92(1) 160-166. 2010

“Decomposing China-Japan-U.S. Trade: Vertical Specialization, Ownership, and Organizational Form,” (with Judith M. Dean and Jesse Mora), Journal of Asian Economics, 20(6): 596-610, 2009. Also published as Asian Development Bank Institute Working Paper No. 159, November 2009, Tokyo, Japan.

“China, Japan, and the United States: Deeper Economic Integration,” (with Theresa M. Greaney), Journal of Asian Economics, 20(6): 593-595, 2009.

“Are Foreign Investors Attracted to Weak Environmental Regulations? Evaluating the Evidence from China,” (with Judith M. Dean and Hua Wang), Journal of Development Economics, 90 (1): 1-13, 2009. Reprinted in Recent Papers on Trade and the Environment, Brian R. Copeland, ed. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.

“Agglomeration and Foreign Direct Investment,” in Ramkishen S. Rajan and Kenneth A. Reinert, eds., Princeton Encyclopedia of the World Economy, Princeton University Press: Princeton, N.J., 2008.

“Information, Agglomeration, and the Headquarters of U.S. Exporters,” (with Stuart S. Rosenthal and Shalini Sharma), Regional Science and Urban Economics, 35: 167-191, 2005.

“Generational Conflict, Human Capital Accumulation, and Economic Growth,” (with Douglas Holtz-Eakin and Mehmet S. Tosun), Journal of Macroeconomics, 26 (1):1-23, 2004.

“Intra-Industry Trade as an Indicator of Labor Market Adjustment,” (with Douglas Nelson), Review of World Economics, 138:1-28, 2002.

“Marginal Intra-industry Trade and Labor Adjustment” (with Douglas Nelson), Review of International Economics, 8: 436-447, 2000.  Reprinted in E. K. Choi and D. Greenaway, eds., Globalization and Labor Markets, Blackwell Publishers, 2000.

“Trade Flows and Wage Premiums: Does Who or What Matter?” (with J. David Richardson),  in Robert C. Feenstra, ed., The Impact of International Trade on Wages, University of Chicago Press, 2000, pp. 309-343.

“Communist Human Capital in a Capitalist Labor Market: The Experience of East German and Ethnic German Immigrants to West Germany” (with Thomas A. Dunn and Michaela Kreyenfeld), in Thomas A. Dunn and Johannes Schwartze, eds, Proceedings of the 1996 Second International Conference of German Socio-Economic Panel Study Users, Vierteljahrshefte fuer Wirtschaftsforschung, Deutsches Institut fuer Wirtschaftsforschung, Berlin, 151-158, 1997.

“Playing By the New Subsidy Rules: Are Capital SubsidiesSubstitutes for Sectoral Subsidies?” Journal of International Economics, 43: 463-482, 1996.